WHAT IS CBD? (CANNABIDIOL)

What is Cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol famously referred to as CBD, is one of the major components of cannabinoids and has been found to have a myriad of medical benefits for humans. In fact, CBD has become a household name around the world given its efficacy in the treatment of several medical conditions. Its non-psychoactive property makes it more appealing in the treatments of patients with medical conditions such as inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis, seizures, spasms, and a host of other ailments without any feelings of lethargy. Research has already established the neuroprotective and neurogenic effects of CBD on patients without any notable side-effects, making it indispensable for many families as a daily supplement.

Given the numerous health benefits of CBD, almost everyone would like to know more about the compound and how they can maximize its benefits for their health conditions. If you have been willing to learn more about CBD and its medical benefits, you have just landed on the right page. If you can invest a few minutes of your time on this page, you will learn what CBD is, the similarities and differences between CBD and THC, and the various CBD types available, including their uses. Now read on to learn more!

What is CBD?

CBD is a non-psychoactive natural compound found in the cannabis plant. However, unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which happens to be its major counterpart compound in the cannabis plant, CBD has shown lots of potentials in terms of nutritional components and therapeutic efficacy that could benefit anyone.

Hence, CBD is fast becoming a mainstream ingredient in most medical and health products. In fact, countries like U.S, Mexico, Brazil, and Paraguay have already approved the use of CBD as a prescription medication for various medical conditions. Other countries that are yet to endorse CBD medications are already embracing its uses as a dietary supplement. Today, all over the world, more and more people are already looking for ways to benefit from the medicinal potency of CBD.

Where is CBD Found?

As earlier mentioned, CBD is available in abundance in cannabis plants, including its seeds, stalk, and flowers. It is most predominant the resin glands (trichomes) of the female cannabis plant. After the extraction, the CBD oil can be processed into a number of commercial products in form of liquids and capsules. Different varieties of CBD products can be seen on display with medical marijuana dispensaries, health fitness, and wellness stores, as well as with online retailers.

How does CBD work?

CBD is one of 100 plus chemical compounds are known as cannabinoids.

CBD and THC are the most prominent among these chemical compounds. Naturally, the human cells have some special receptors called cannabinoid receptors. Although these receptors are present in every organ of the body, they can be found in high concentration in the central nervous system. The combination of these cell receptors together makes up a larger endocannabinoid system (ECS).

Cannabinoids are agonists, which bind with the special cannabinoid receptors in your cells to perform some useful function in your body. Within the body system, the receptors act as locks while agonists act as the keys that open the locks. So, when you consume cannabis, the agonists interact with a vast network of cell receptor proteins (ECS) to perform many important functions in your body.

The interactions between cannabinoid agonists and cannabinoid receptors can manifest in the four primary roles they play in the body, which can be seen in neuroprotection, stress recovery, immune balance, and homeostatic regulation. These interactions influence almost everything that happens in the body system, including mood, memory performance, motor control, immune function, reproduction, pain perception, appetite, sleep, and bone development, among other things.

In a nutshell, CBD has many functions. 

CBD is able to perform these functions because it shares similar molecular composition with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) that the human body produced naturally. For this reason, CBD is often referred as a phytocannabinoid. Hence, it continued to gain global attention as a natural compound with serious potential. Now, let’s consider some of the similarities and differences between CBD and THC.

POSSIBLE CBD BENEFITS*

  • Natural Pain Relief
  • Antipsychotic
  • Anxiety Reduction
  • Nausea Relief 
  • Promotes Cardiovascular Health
  • *CBD is not tested or proven by the FDA to have any benefits listed. 

NATURAL PAIN RELIEF

ANTIPSYCHOTIC

ANXIETY REDUCTION

NAUSEA RELIEF

CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH

CBD vs. THC

Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are similar in some aspects and differ in many ways. Both of them share the same characteristics of being the most abundant as well as the most researched of all the over 100 cannabinoids found in cannabis. More also, both compounds interact with the endocannabinoid system, though they produce different effects.

The major difference between CBD and THC, however, is that while the latter is psychoactive, the former is not.

Hence, they each interact differently with cells in the body despite the fact that both compounds are cannabinoid. This happens because while THC engages the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) directly at a point called the orthosteric site, CBD engages the same receptor at a point called allosteric site. The CB1 is highly concentrated in the central nervous system and these different points of binding with this receptor by the two compounds make the difference in the way they affect the body system. This explains why CBD acts counteractively to the psychoactivity of THC. When you feel “high” after taken some cannabis, CBD can help to modulate your feeling by reducing the anxiousness you get from the THC in the cannabis.

Another notable difference between CBD and THC has to do with their source. THC is found in abundance in Marijuana, CBD Dominates Hemp. More also, in the United States, CBD is legal, while THC is regulated.

Lastly, CBD and THC are considered structural isomers since they both share similar chemical composition but a different atomic arrangement. They both share a molecular formula of C21H30O2 and molecular weights of 314.4 g/mol.

Types of CBD

CBD products are made either from hemp or marijuana. Hence, some of the products, especially those made from marijuana, may not be readily available in some states in the U.S. with medical marijuana programs except for certain medical conditions. The legal dichotomy is the major issue affecting the future of CBD.

Since hemp is federally legal in the United States, a myriad of hemp-based CBD products are already out there in the mainstream market for several years now. Many people are turning to CBD for both preventive and therapeutic purposes due to its efficacy and a wide range of healing potentials. Basically, there are 6 types CBD, which are based on uses. Below are brief explanations of the different varieties and their uses:

TINCTURES

Tincture is the most common CBD on the market, and probably, the one with most pure applications. It can be taken by dropping a couple of drops on or under the tongue. Depending on your needs, the dosage can range from 100mg-1000mg.

CONCENTRATES

The CBD concentrates contain the highest dosage of CBD compared to any other varieties of the product. It could contain a multiple of 10 concentration compared to other CBD products. It uses are similar to tinctures, where you place the concentrate under your tongue and ingest slowly.

CAPSULES

CBD is also available in capsules. This is the friendliest type of CBD as it can easily be incorporated into your lifestyle in terms of supplement. More also, the dosage can easily be regulated since they typically come in 10-25mg. Capsules can easily be swallowed with water.

SPRAYS

CBD sprays are also taken orally by spraying into the mouth. It has the lowest CBD concentrate among the different varieties of CBD products that can be used orally. It is difficult to measure the exact dosage since spraying cannot be consistent. But you are sure to take-in between 1mg and 3mg per serving.

TOPICALS

Amazingly, CBD also comes in topicals. These come in form of lotions, salve, and lip balms, and they provide lots of therapeutic benefits for the skin. They can be useful in the treatment of chronic pain, inflammation, acne, psoriasis, cancer, as well as anti-aging therapy. Be sure you’re buying a topical product that can help infuse CBD into the skin and joints. Apply generously to the areas where you want the paste to make an impact.

VAPES

The last CBD variety on this list is the vaporizing or smoking CBD. This can be taken by using an e-cigarette, vape pen, or vaporizer to inhale the rising CBD oil via the vapor.

SO WHAT DOES THAT ALL MEAN? 

Studies have shown that CBD has lots of effects far beyond merely engaging cannabinoid receptors. 

It has many direct and indirect characteristics that make it far more valuable than THC and another compound in the cannabis plant. The bottom line, however, is that there are still more to be learned about CBD and its functions.

Cannabinoids are agonists, which bind with the special cannabinoid receptors in your cells to perform some function in your body. Within the body system, the receptors act as locks while agonists act as the keys that open the locks. So, when you consume cannabis, the agonists may interact with a vast network of cell receptor proteins (ECS) to perform various functions in your body.

The interactions between cannabinoid agonists and cannabinoid receptors can manifest in the four primary roles they play in the body. These interactions potentially could influence almost everything that happens in the body system, including mood, memory performance, motor control, immune function, reproduction, pain perception, appetite, sleep, and bone development, among other things.

In a nutshell, CBD provides functions by helping to balance the body system. CBD is able to perform these functions because it shares similar molecular composition with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) that the human body produced naturally. For this reason, CBD is often referred as a phytocannabinoid. Hence, it continued to gain global attention as a natural compound with serious life-saving potential. Now, let’s consider some of the similarities and differences between CBD and THC.